A CNN-GRU Hybrid Model for Predicting Airport Departure Taxiing Time

Yuan, Ligang and Liu, Jing and Chen, Haiyan and Fang, Daoming and Chen, Wenlu (2024) A CNN-GRU Hybrid Model for Predicting Airport Departure Taxiing Time. Aerospace, 11 (4). p. 261. ISSN 2226-4310

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Scene taxiing time is an important indicator for assessing the operational efficiency of airports as well as green airports, and it is also a fundamental parameter in flight regularity statistics. The accurate prediction of taxiing time can help decision makers to further optimize flight pushback sequences and improve airport operational efficiency while increasing flight punctuality. In this paper, we propose a hybrid deep learning model for departure taxiing time prediction based on the new influence factors of taxiing time. Taking Pudong International Airport as the research object, after analyzing the scene operation mode, we construct the origin–destination pairs (ODPs) with stand groups and runways and then propose two structure-related factors, corridor departure flow and departure flow proportion of ODP, as the new features. Based on the new feature set, we construct a departure taxiing dataset for training the prediction model. Then, a departure taxiing time prediction model based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and gated recurrent units (GRUs) is proposed, which uses a CNN model to extract the high-dimensional features from the taxiing data and then inputs them to a GRU model for taxiing time prediction. Finally, we conduct a series of comparison experiments on the historical taxiing dataset of Pudong Airport. The prediction results show that the proposed hybrid prediction model has the best performances compared with other deep learning models, and the proposed structure-related features have high correlations with departure taxiing time. The prediction results of taxiing time for different ODPs also verify the generalizability of the proposed model.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Scholar Guardian > Multidisciplinary
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email support@scholarguardian.com
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2024 04:27
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2024 04:27
URI: http://science.sdpublishers.org/id/eprint/2645

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